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Ielts Exam Pattern

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IELTS Exam pattern:

IELTS Exam preparation is divided into two categories: Academic and General IELTS Training Program. It gives a valid and exact valuation of the four language aptitudes: Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking. Basically, the Speaking & Listening section remains the same in both the versions, but the Reading & Writings sections of the Academic version are slightly difficult than the similar sections in IELTS General test.

Candidates required completing all four sections – Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking to through an IELTS Test. The Listening, Reading and Writing sections needs to be completed in one day. The Speaking section can be appearing in the period of seven days prior to or afterwards.

IELTS Academic measures English Language Proficiency needed for an academic, higher learning environment. The Tasks and tests are accessible to all test-takers, irrespective of their subject focus.

Listening (30 Minutes)

 This module has four sections and will basically have you listening to an audio recording and have you answer questions from a booklet.

Questions:  40

Test Parts: 4 sections

Section 1 is a conversation between two people set in an everyday social context

Section 2 is a monologue set in an everyday social context (e.g. a speech about local facilities or a talk about the arrangements for meals during a conference)

Section 3 is a conversation between up to four people set in an educational or training context (e.g. a university tutor and a student discussing an assignment, or a group of students planning a research project)

Section 4 is a monologue on an academic subject (e.g. a university lecture)

Each section is heard once only a variety of voices and native-speaker accents is used.

Skills assessed: The listening section evaluate variety of skills which enables the assessment of the candidate on grounds of their understanding of the basic factual details delivered by the speaker and how well the listener is able to understand the ideas and attitude of the speaker.

Marking:

Each correct answer receives 1 mark

Reading (60 Minutes)

Questions:  40

Test Parts: 3 sections

-Three long reading passages with tasks

-Texts range from descriptive and factual to the discursive and analytical

-Including non-verbal material such as diagrams, graphs or illustrations

-Texts are authentic (e.g. taken from books, journals and newspapers)

Skills assessed: A wide range of reading skills is evaluate which includes grasping the main ideas and the development of the argument that the writer wants to get across.

Marking: Each correct answer receives 1 mark

Writing (60 Minutes) 

-writing task of at least 150 words where a variety of questions based on a graphical representation of data, a tabular description of information, pie chart or diagram and candidates are asked to describe, summarize or explain the information in their own words.

-Short essay task of at least 250 words. In this task, candidates are asked to write an essay in response to a point of view, argument or problem.

Responses to Task 1 and Task 2 should be written in a formal style.

Skills assessed:

Candidates are evaluated on their writing abilities including the structure and form of the essay and how well they are able to present their topic in terms of content, correct grammar and range of vocabulary, comprehend and compare data, engage in personal correspondence thereby expressing factual details, opinions and views, present a solution after recognizing the problem and express opinions and ideas effectively.

Marking: Candidates are assessed on their performance on each task by certificated IELTS examiners according to the four criteria of the IELTS – Task achievement/response, Coherence and cohesion, resource and grammatical series and accuracy

Speaking (11 to 14 Minutes)

-Face to face interview which is recorded

 Test Parts: 3

Part 1 Introduction and interview (4-5 minutes)

It starts with the examiner introducing him following the introduction of the candidate as asked by the interviewer. The examiner asks the candidate general questions related to topics, e.g. home, family, work, studies and interests.

Part 2 Individual long turn (3-4 minutes)

The examiner gives the candidate a task card which asks the candidate to elaborate on a particular topic. The candidate is given 1 minute for preparing his response and is given a pencil and paper to make notes. The candidate talks for 1-2 minutes on the topic. The examiner then asks the candidate one or two questions on the same topic.

Part 3 Two-way discussion (4-5 minutes)

The examiner asks further questions in relation to the topic of Part 2.

Skills assessed: A wide range of speaking skills is assessed, including the ability to get across information and to speak in a fluent manner with coherence.

Marking: Candidates are assessed on their performance throughout the test by certificated IELTS examiners according to the four criteria of the IELTS Speaking Test Band Descriptors: Fluency and coherence, resource, grammatical range and accuracy and Pronunciation

General

IELTS General training measures English language proficiency in a practical, everyday context. The tasks and tests reflect both work and social situations.

                        Listening (30 Minutes)

This -module has four sections and will basically have you listening to an audio recording and have you answer questions from a booklet.

Questions:  40

Test Parts: 4 sections

Section 1 is a conversation between two people set in an everyday social context

Section 2 is a monologue set in an everyday social context (e.g. a speech about local facilities or a talk about the arrangements for meals during a conference)

Section 3 is a conversation between up to four people set in an educational or training context (e.g. a university tutor and a student discussing an assignment, or a group of students planning a research project)

Section 4 is a monologue on an academic subject (e.g. a university lecture)

Each section is heard once only variety of voices and native-speaker accents is used.

Skills assessed: The listening section evaluate variety of skills which enables the assessment of the candidate on grounds of their understanding of the basic factual details delivered by the speaker and how well the listener is able to understand the ideas and attitude of the speaker.

Marking:

Each correct answer receives 1 mark

Reading (60 Minutes)

Questions:  40

Test Parts: 3 sections

-Three reading passages with tasks

-Section 1 – contains two or three short factual texts

 Section 2 – contains two short, work-related, factual texts

Section 3 – contains one longer text on a topic of general interest

-Texts are authentic (e.g. taken from company handbooks, official documents, books and newspapers)

Skills assessed: A wide range of reading skills is evaluate which includes grasping the main ideas and the development of the argument that the writer wants to get across.

Marking: Each correct answer receives 1 mark

Writing (60 Minutes)

-letter writing task of at least 150 words. Candidates are presented with a situation and are asked to write a letter requesting information or explaining the situation. The letter may be personal, semi-formal or formal in style.

-Short essay task of at least 250 words. Candidates are asked to write an essay in response to a point of view, argument or problem. The essay can be slightly more personal in style than the Academic Writing. Essay topics are of general interest

Skills assessed:

Candidates are evaluated on their writing abilities including the structure and form of the essay and how well they are able to present their topic in terms of content, correct grammar and range of vocabulary, comprehend and compare data, engage in personal correspondence thereby expressing factual details, opinions and views, present a solution after recognizing the problem and express opinions and ideas effectively.

Marking: Candidates are assessed on their performance on each task by certificated IELTS examiners according to the four criteria of the IELTS – Task achievement/response, Coherence and cohesion, resource and grammatical series and accuracy

Speaking (11 to 14 Minutes)

-Face to face interview which is recorded

 Test Parts: 3

Part 1 Introduction and interview (4-5 minutes)

It starts with the examiner introducing him following the introduction of the candidate as asked by the interviewer. The examiner asks the candidate general questions related to topics, e.g. home, family, work, studies and interests.

Part 2 Individual long turn (3-4 minutes)

The examiner gives the candidate a task card which asks the candidate to elaborate on a particular topic. The candidate is given 1 minute for preparing his response and is given a pencil and paper to make notes. The candidate talks for 1-2 minutes on the topic. The examiner then asks the candidate one or two questions on the same topic.

Part 3 Two-way discussion (4-5 minutes)

The examiner asks further questions in relation to the topic of Part 2.

Skills assessed: A wide range of speaking skills is assessed, including the ability to get across information and to speak in a fluent manner with coherence.

Marking: Candidates are assessed on their performance throughout the test by certificated IELTS examiners according to the four criteria of the IELTS Speaking Test Band Descriptors: Fluency and coherence, resource, grammatical range and accuracy and Pronunciation

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